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NASA Ames Genome Research Facility develops devices that can detect single molecules of nucleic acids, decode DNA sequence variations in the genome of any organism, and apply functional genomic assays to determine molecular information processing functions.
Model organisms, such as yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, plant Arabidopsis thaliana, green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, mouse Mus musculus, and human cells are used for decoding the molecular origins of Boolean logic in living cells.
The goal of this work is to develop fast instruction and execution rate in a bio-computer that can perform numerical analysis from arbitrary complexity and replace electron-based computing in silicon with photon-based computing in living cells. In principle, a robust, cost effective, small-sized, and self-replicating biocomputer will outperform current silicon-based computers by several orders of magnitude in calculations per second per dollar.